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BD Compost – Area,  Preparation and Application

“Cooking nice food for the plants”!

Aerobic composting in BD farming is preferred.
(Anaerobic composting can produce many pathogens microbes.)

What can be used for BD HEAP COMPOSTING

ingredients

The best is to use all your farm and Garden waste and Animal Manure. (fumier – déjections animales)
Note: all kind of animal manure can be used, cow, horse, goat, sheep, chicken etc.

Note: Use fresh cow-dung if possible from cows that have not been treated with anti-biotics or other chemical treatments..

Manures are mainly used to activate the digestive activity in the compost pile. (fermentation)

Fresh small quantities of animal manure are sufficient for the preparation of compost for large areas.
Remember Cow manure is a very valuable material in all farming methods.

Preferable it should go through a process of composting such as a compost pile or heap and should not be  spread out directly on the land… In such a case a lot of the beneficial nutrients and microbes will be lost. (If the manure is applied on the field directly it should be worked into the (plough) into the ground immediately.)

CONVERSION ( from conventional farming )  TO ORGANIC

1st step:
Start with compost.

Composting is essential for any organic farmer.
(You need to start at least 4 months upfront.)

AMOUNT per ACRE / YEAR

10 ton/acre – for intensive farming vegetable farming etc.
5 ton/acre – for orchards, gardens etc. ( or 1 annual crop of grain – céréales ou du blé)

INGREDIENTS

1. carbonaceous = all the dry material, leaves, dried crop waste, saw dust.  50-60%

2. proteineous= any animal waste, and all the green, leguminous material. 35-40%

3. Minerals = lime powder (chaux vive – cal viva – quicklime), rock phosphate, rock dust, wood ash, bore well soil. 1-2%

4. Inoculates = native soil, old compost and bio-dynamic preparations.

Note: Only if you have enough carbon material you can preserve the nitrogen from your animal waste.

PREPARATION – area and size

Preparation : can be done in open areas but it needs a nice mulch over it to preserve moisture. (images mulch). In very hot areas it should preferably be placed/done in the shade under trees.

Air tunnels :   Bundles of long hard material such as branches should be placed over the whole length to allow air flow.

Size of heap:

1.5 m.        high
4.8 – 5 m.  long
1.8 m         wide

Space for compost at DAR EL SADAKA
Minimum space for 3 heaps of compost and storage space of organic materials. 8 m. wide x 10 m. long

Note: 1 heap gives aprox. 10 m3 of compost after 3 months…     ( 1 cubic meter or 1-m3 equals  1-ton of compost)

a finished BD compost heap
QUANTITIES AND APPLICATION
Intensive farming 10 m3 per Acre/Year  (not the case of Dar el Sadaka)
Orchards 5 m3 per Acre/Year
– Gardens 5 m3 per Acre/Year (Flower and ornamental gardening as requested)
vegetable garden  5 m3 per Acre/Year
Grains / Cornfield 5 m3 per Acre/Year  (1 crop a year)

IMPORTANT:  The more HUMUS in the TOP SOIL (first 10 to 15cm of soil) the more and the better the soil will retain the water and less irrigation has to be performed.

OBJECTIVE: The goal is to improve the overall humus content in the Soil in order to improve water efficiency and to reduce little by little over irrigation. Increasing a topsoil rich in humus content will help to turn the gardening into a more sustainable and less costly activity.

How to built and prepare a nice BD COMPOST HEAP

The lasagna method…….

start with building an Air tunnel consisting of bundles of long hard material such as branches placed over the whole length to allow air flow. 4.8 – 5 m.  long

start...

1st layer……
Carbon material. (15-18 cm.) – carbonaceous material
Note: All the carbon material has to be made wet outside the heap.

carbon layer

2nd layer…..
Cow dung slurry. proteineous layer
(+ 4 cm of old compost if you don’t have fresh cow dung)

cow dung

3rd.
Minerals 2 kg of each. (see ingredients above)  Minerals layer Except Lime solution at this time….
Note: No lime powder solution at this time….  lime should not get in touch with animal waste (cow-dung) it should be sprinkled over the heap during the 6th layer..

4th
Carbon material. (15-18 cm.) carbonaceous material
(All the carbon material has to be made wet outside the heap.)

5th.
Green leguminous material – proteineous layer
All kinds of green fresh organic material such as leaves, and crop waste if available.

6th
All Minerals (rock phosphate etc… borewell soil,  and also Lime solution…) – mineral layer
Lime in the form of calcium oxide   (chaux vive – quicklime – cal viva)  (Sea shell lime is the best but also from rocks is good.)

Note: Lime should not get in touch with the Manure… Cow-dung slurry… they annihilate each other functioning.


7th
Inoculates – native soil, old compost and bio-dynamic preparations.
(no Valerian yet)(native soil, old compost etc) no bd preparations yet. These can be applied only once. At a later stage. (2nd set)

These  7 steps all  together make 1 SET of layers.
(keep repeating the layering system unto the required height. (1.50 m.)

After these 2 SETS of Layers the BD Preps are introduced…..

Application BD herbal preparations.

BD 502  – BD 507 

The bd preparations are introduced into the compost pile by means of balls made out of mud and or old compost.  ( 1 gram of each BD prep.  is enough for 1 compost pile.)

When……

1. After 2 sets of layers:  5 balls of wet compost, each one with 1 of the 5 BD preparations inside should be added on top of the carbon layer.

2. To finish of the compost Pile or heap 2 more sets of layers should be added to reach the right height of 1,80 m.

Important….  Each mud-ball contains 1 type of BD preparation.

Ball # 1:  1 gram BD 502     –   Yarrow  – Enhances  potash and Sulfur forces, provides Selenium and micro nutrients, Through compost provides Potash.

Ball # 2:  1 gram BD 503    –   Chamomile  –  Regulates decomposition of plant protein. Preserves Nitrogen, Provides Calcium

Ball # 3:  1 gram BD 504    –   Stinging Nettle  –  Provides iron and strengthens plant, provides also Magnesium and sulfur, good for humus formation.

Ball # 4:  1 gram BD 505    –  Oak Bark  –  effective against plant diseases, regulates…

Ball # 5:  1 gram BD 506    – Dandelion  –  Sensitivity opening towards the cosmos… Provides Silica for plant development.

Note: After introducing the mudballs…. 2 more SETS of Layers should be added…

At this point 2 more sets of layers should be added… starting from the beginning with Cow manure…

APROX. 4 SETS of layers are needed to create 1 HEAP of 1.80 m high.

Last but not least… Only once the compost heap is completely finished…

STIRR  10 ml.  BD 507    –  Valerian  –  Liquid herbal preparation, provides Phosphorous and has a warming effect.

The 10 ml BD 507 should be poured into a bucked with 2-5 ltr. of clean non clorished water and “stirred” – “dynamised” for 30 minutes…                Dynamising the content is essential to bring in and activate the life forces..

Note: Stir till you obtain a VORTEX. than change direction till you obtain again a Vortex..

Note: The Valerian (liquid) should be added at the end.

Purchase of BD preps:

The BD preps can be self-made or one can purchase them for a reasonable price through a reliable and experienced BD herbal preparation manufacturer:    A couple are mentioned here below…


Kurinji Organic Farms, Kodaikanal India T.N.
C. Jeykaran E
E-mail: jakes@md3.vsnl.net.in

Supa Pvt. Ltd., Nainital
Binita Shah
E-mail:supashahb@yahoo.co.in

http://www.biodynamics.in/

Important: KEEP COMPOST HEAP MOIST!!!!!!!

– Watering the compost heap regularly is important.
– make a nice carving over the whole length at the top to enhance water penetration.
– Finish with a nice mulch or big fibrous leafs…. for example Palm leafs will do fine.

TURNINGS THE COMPOST

3 x turning… TURN ONCE EVERY MONTH…

1st turning after 1 month…..  very important
Take 1-2 feet from one side to see inside the compost heap. If there is white fungus it means it is to dry.

Note:  This is the moment to correct your mistake. Water the heap while turning.
If your heap is too moist add coir dust, saw dust, wood chips, husk or dry hay during turning.

After turning you can re-shape the heap but maintain the height  and the width. Otherwise the drying will be very fast.
Note: turn the heap after removing the mulch of palm leafs.

SHREDDER: The shredder is a mechanical or electrical machine that cuts large fibrous carbon material into small pieces. This will enhance the composting and fermentation process… It could also be applied to create a nice Mulch to avoid unnecessary water evaporation.

Note: By lack of green material you can replace it by adding more cow dung.
APPLICATION OF COMPOST ON THE FARM or in the GARDEN.

When: The valuable BD compost, highly rich in plant nutrients and enhanced with life forces should be applied on the field or garden during the descending period of the month. Descending Period is a rhythm related to Earth activity….

Where: The compost should be applied near the plants, vegetables and or spread out equally over a field or acre..

How:  The BD Compost must be ploughed or shuffled into the soil/ground.

How much:  The BD compost in general, should be applied according to the doses indicated earlier in this article.. But each crop and the soil conditions might demand a slightly different dosage. (see the  BD Agriculture manual)

IMPORTANT: Don’t forget… the BD Compost must be ploughed or shuffled into the ground

Note: regarding TREES and orchards…. !!!!
The compost is most effective in the area where the roots of the trees are. This is in the DRIP AREA of the tree… NOT close to the trunk of the tree… 

(The ascending phase starts when the moon crosses to the north of the ecliptic. The descending phase starts when the moon crosses to the south. Each phase will last aproximately 13-14 days… and is NOT related to the moon rhythms…)

For more information and precise dates for farming activities consult the BD Planting calendar of your region… Planting calendars can be purchased through the BD association in your country.

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